Caldo de Oso


Caldo de Oso

There is no bear in this soup. Nor is the soup named after any bear. In fact, there are zero bears to be found in the state of Chihuahua, where this soup comes from. Yet, I admit Pepe was right, it is a spectacular soup, and it is called caldo de oso (or bear soup).

I met Pepe a few months ago at a Telemundo news interview, while on book tour in Denver. He was the producer. As he walked me out of the building, we got caught up in a long, detailed conversation about soup, even though I was in a hurry to catch a plane. I don’t know what hooked me more in wanting to know every little thing about this soup: its curious name, how much he seemed to adore it, or the fact that I’ve never tried it although I’ve been to Chihuahua many times.

Well, here we go again. Another story, out of hundreds and hundreds of incredible stories and recipes I have learned while traveling the US. It turns out, each and every single Mexican I have met here is as passionate as I am about the Mexican food we grew up with. We are all a bunch of nostalgic food fanatics.

Anyway, back to the soup.

It turns out caldo de oso is insanely popular in Chihuahua. The thing is, it is not to be found in restaurants, but in homes. One reason I may have missed it all the times I visited. And considering how dearly loved it is, it makes the origin of its name even funnier.

Here goes the true story:

Almost a century ago, workers building the La Boquilla Dam, on the Conchos River in Camargo, used to make a fish soup every day with catfish, which were bountiful in that river. After eating it so often, instead of calling it caldo de pescado (or fish soup), they started calling it caldo odioso, which translates to hateful soup.

From saying caldo odioso again and again, the soup got the nickname caldo de oso – from the shortened odi-oso to oso. It is a common Mexican practice to make words smaller and use them in their diminutives or cute nicknames. And the name stuck: caldo de oso! However, other than the workers at the dam who ate it everyday, people in Chihuahua absolutely adore this soup.

So, Pepe gave me some tips, and he told me in detail how his mom makes it. I thoroughly researched it and tested it in my kitchen. And let me tell you, caldo de oso is totally worth the heavy nostalgia for it that Pepe carries around.

Bear Soup

Caldo de Oso
6 to 8 servings
Pati Jinich
Course: Soup
Cuisine: Mexican
Keyword: ancho chiles, carrots, catfish, cilantro, fish broth, lime, onion, pati's mexican table, Pickled Jalapeños, potatoes, Tomatoes
Author:Pati Jinich
Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook Time: 40 minutes
There is no bear in this soup. Nor is the soup named after any bear. In fact, there are zero bears to be found in the state of Chihuahua, where this soup comes from. Yet, I admit Pepe was right, it is a spectacular soup, and it is called caldo de oso (or bear soup). It turns out caldo de oso is insanely popular in Chihuahua. The thing is, it is not to be found in restaurants, but in homes.


  • 2 dried ancho chiles, stemmed and seeded
  • 3 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 3 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 2/3 cup white onion, finely chopped
  • 3 cloves garlic, finely chopped
  • 2 pounds ripe Roma tomatoes, chopped
  • 3 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 8 cups seafood or fish broth, or water
  • 1/2 teaspoon dried thyme
  • 1/2 teaspoon dried marjoram
  • 1/2 teaspoon dried oregano
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 teaspoon kosher or coarse sea salt, or to taste
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
  • 1 whole pickled jalapeño, diced
  • 2 tablespoons vinegary sauce from pickled jalapeños
  • 2 cups carrots, peeled and diced
  • 2 cups potatoes, peeled and diced
  • 2 pounds catfish fillets, cut into 2" pieces
  • 2 limes, cut into wedges, to serve
  • 1/4 cup cilantro, roughly chopped, to serve

To Prepare

  • Place the ancho chiles in a bowl, cover with 2 cups boiling water, and let them sit for 10 minutes until they plump up and rehydrate.
  • In a soup pot, heat the butter and oil over medium heat. Once the butter is melted and bubbly, add the onion and cook for 4 to 5 minutes, until softened and the edges begin to brown. Add the garlic, stir and cook for a minute until fragrant. Increase the heat to medium-high and incorporate the chopped tomato, cook for 6 to 7 minutes, until softened. Sprinkle the flour on top of the cooking vegetables, stir well, and let cook for another minute or so, stirring frequently, until the flour starts to brown and smell toasty. Pour in the broth or water and bring to a simmer.
  • Meanwhile, place the ancho chiles along with a cup of their soaking water into a blender, and puree until completely smooth. Add the chile puree, along with the thyme, marjoram, oregano, cumin, bay leaf, salt, pepper, pickled jalapeño and its vinegar to the soup, and mix well. Once it returns to a simmer, reduce the heat to medium, and let it cook for 15 minutes with the lid ajar.
  • Add the carrots, potatoes, and fish pieces and continue to cook for 10 more minutes, until vegetables and fish are completely cooked through.
  • Serve hot, along with lime wedges and chopped cilantro for people to add to their taste. I like it with crusty bread, such as a baguette, on the side.

93 comments on “Caldo de Oso

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  1. Howdy!

    Please do a caldo de res o caldo de pollo recipe! We can’t remember if u add cabbage to the caldo de res only or if u use chayote or regular zucchini for the caldo. Thank you for bridging the gap to our culinary history. Our family calls each other when ur show’s on so we can learn and see all of our childhood dishes being made! BTW, do u have recipe for buñuelos de viento?

    ¡Saludos desde San Antonio!

  2. My mother is from Chihuahua but spent her summers in La Boquilla. Even though the state is landlocked she has always made the best caldo de pescado and now I know why. My favorite is her caldo de oso which people from Chihuahua always “get” and others think it’s bear soup! The original recipe calls for the soup to be bubbling hot with a beer poured over it. Thanks for putting it out there!

  3. goin Cat fishing next week ,can’t wait to try this ,one , I usually make mine FraDiablo. again thank you for teaching me Mexican cooking ,being from da east in da 70s we had only one mex.resturant and I had caspacho for the first time haven’t had it since ,how do you prepare it ??????

  4. Hi Pati, this recipe sounds delish, I want to try it with cod only because catfish scares me.. My mother is from Chihuahua and I don’t recall her making this but she does make the most delishus caldos with either pollo or res, which is what first attracted me to your recipes. The first video I saw was where you made the alphabet soup and I was hooked.. I luv luv luv a good soup! I will see my mom soon and will be asking her about it.. thank you for sharing your wonderful recipes.. I

  5. Hola Pati. Being from San Antonio Texas I’m always looking for authentic Mexican food. My husband Sal brought home fresh catch from Corpus Christi Texas. Love Sopa de Oso. Gracias Pati. Saludos a tu familia y saludo especial a Juju de Texas😘

  6. Hola Pati, my husband is from Camargo Chihuahua when I told him that I found the recipe of el caldo de oso in your program he got so excited… gracias por tus recetas y felicidades en tu programa, lo disfruto mucho 😉

  7. I travel to Chihuahua all the time and have many very close friends here in Arizona from Chihuahua. I have stayed and visited their families for over 15 years and over 20 times in the period. I never have heard anyone talk about this soup.

    That is until I start asking if they know of it, and of course they all have. It was like a secret they where keeping from me.

    Oh, Chihuahua, you are like an onion. I keep peeling and I discover new layers!

  8. I found this recipe while looking for a good Caldo De Res or Mexican beef soup recipe. My mother learned how to make it from her mother but she no longer cooks and does not remember the recipe. The closest I found to hers comes from Los Galanes restaurant in Mexican Village Detroit but I did not ask for their recipe. Pati what seasonings do you think I need to get the flavor right, maybe just some chillies?

  9. I made this last night and it was delicious, light but filling. I live in the southern US and fresh catfish is readily available, so I’ll be making this again soon. Thanks, Pati!

    Also, I pray that your loved ones in Mexico City are alright after the disastrous earthquakes there in the past week. My heart goes out to all the victims.

  10. I’m from Chihuahua, and this suop make me remeber mi childhood… I need to tray this recipe with my family soon

      1. Si, muy buenas memorias de la infancia… ?
        Me encanta tu TV show, cuando me mude a USA hace 5 anios lo descubri y me encanta, lo disfruto, y me hace sentir cerca de Mexico ???

  11. My wife is out skinning the bear i bagged last evening. Now that i have read the complete history and all of the ingredients how am i going to tell her i have to go fishing tonight for “catfish?” She makes me clean the catfish. Maybe we will make two versions. I am so in trouble.

  12. I did it! Y me encantó! ?
    My husband loves everything I cook from your recipes. He is very happy I watch all your shows. ☺

  13. You are my inspiration, I love all of your recipes and I love your tv show. Out of all of the Chefs on create TV you are special because you have such a warm sweet personality, and you seem so kind. My husband is from Hidalgo, Mex. and I am Italian, so since I began watching your show I’ve learned so much about the culture and have fallen in love with cooking Mexican cuisine.

  14. Thank you Pati for the recipe for this soup. I love making soups and having them when we want a light dinner!!! I also like the stories that you tell with the recipes that you post.

  15. By adding the carrots and potatoes along with the fish, I would think that the fish would be overdone and the carrots and potatoes would be undercooked. It seems giving them a 5 minute head start would be better. No?
    You and your show are a wonder filled event! Many thanks for the inspiration from which I draw many a delicious meal. Between you and Rick Bayless, I have a very well stocked Mexican kitchen (e.g. epazote. Mexican oregano and many dried chilies etc.) which is saying a lot from first born German girl!

    1. Susan thank you so much for your lovely comment. I’m so happy to hear you have a well stocked Mexican kitchen! I timed the recipe and the cooking, and it worked great for me like this, but you are super welcome to adapt to your liking for sure. ​

  16. Never heard of it until today. Thank you for the history and the recepie, It looks delicious! I can wait to make it.
    Gracias Pati

  17. Voy a hacer la receta inmediatamente! He escuchado hablar sobre el caldo de oso pero no lo he probado. Gracias Pati por la receta. Saludos desde Chihuahua 🙂

  18. Yo soy de chihuahua y lo conosco un poco diferente. Es con pescado descarnado (dsmenuzado) pero igual en salsa de chile ancho y si ay algunos restaurantes trdicionales que venden este platillo. Y ortos tradi cionales como el caldo abijio que es con carne seca. Saludos paty.

  19. Hi Pati! Love your show. I live in Sydney and access to all the lovely chillies you use in your cooking is so limited. If I wanted to make this dish, what would you recommend as a good substitute for the ancho chillies? I can get jalapeño but that’s about it 🙂 love your show and your work!

  20. Suena muy sabroso y como tengo pescado fresco y esta haciendo frio, es una magnifica idea para que haga esta sopa de oso hoy. Mig racias por la receta.

  21. this doesn’t have to do with the soup, but I love it when your son’s cook with you.
    You have a truly beautiful family. Thanks for all the cooking shows !

  22. Bedda Patti,
    There is a similar soup made in Sicily mainly in coastal towns each with their own little variation but the main ingredient is always Spada, Swordfish. The spices and vegetables are much the same except they would use fennel instead of cilantro and mild to hot red pepperoncini flakes in place of Jalipenos, or in some towns they would simply add a couple tablespoons of giardineria with it’s juice.
    I am going to try your soup ASAP. My mouth waters just reading the recipe. Muchas Gracias.

  23. Hi Pati, can you make this with any other type of fish to get that same flavour? Catfish is not available to purchase here in Canada.

  24. I want to try this recipe Patty. It sounds good. Since I’m s lover of fish and other seafood nothing can go wrong with fish.
    Don’t say I made up my name here
    but its true my last name is Fish.

  25. This recipe has a lot of the same ingredients as one of the versions of sopa de mariscos that we used to get at a restaurant called El Torito when we lived on the Texas/Tamaulipas border (in Brownsville), 1999-2002 — minus the shrimp, of course: the potatoes and carrots, the tomatoes, the flour for thickening, etc. Can’t wait to try it!